Percentage of Alcohol By Volume.
Often this is used as a measure of quality. It is not always dependable,
however, because ingredients are a factor.
Common to all liquor. Ethyl alcohol, spirits distilled from grain, grape,
fruit and cane are most common.
Brewed from malt and hops. Usually stronger and slightly more bitter than
beer. Color can vary from light to dark amber.
A French term referring to a light alcoholic drink taken before a meal to
Beverage brewed from malted barley and other grains cultured with yeast
and flavored with hops. There are many varieties including ale, porter,
malt liquor, bock and lager.
A very concentrated flavoring agent made from roots, barks, herbs and/or
Combines straight whiskey with neutral grain spirits. Straight whiskey
dominates the mix by 20%. Sold at 80 proof.
German beer that is full-bodied, slightly sweet and ususally dark.
Heavier, darker, richer and sweeter than either lager beer or ale in that
order. About 6% alcohol.
Straight whiskey, usually bourbon or rye, produced under government
control and supervision. Bonded whiskey must be at least four years old,
bottled at 100 proof and produced in one distilling by the same distiller.
It must be sorted and bottled at a bonding warehouse under government
American Whiskey made using at least 51% corn grain mash in a wheat, oats,
rye & barley combination.
A liquor distilled from wine and other fermented fruit juice. Aged in oak
casks and bottled at 80 to 84 proof. The finest Brandies are Cognacs.
A blended whiskey, which is distilled from rye, corn, and barley. Produced
under government control. The Canadian whiskey sold in the
is at least four years old. Lighter than American whiskey, it is sold at
A beverage drunk after another potable.
A beverage that combines an alcohol with a mixer.
Brandy of France, made only from grapes grown in the
region of France
Tall cool punch-like drinks. Any basic liquor with juice of lemon or lime,
over ice cubes in a frosted highball glass. Sugar and soda water added.
Garnished with lemon slice and a cherry, if desired.
A tall drink made with different types of liquor, flavoring, cracked ice,
carbonated beverages and fruit rinds.
A liquor (or liqueur) made by mixing or redistilling neutral spirits.
Fruits, flowers, herbs, seeds, roots, plants or juices are used and a
sweetening is added. Most cordials are sweet, colorful and highly
concentrated. Many are made from secret recipes and processes.
A whiskey made from a mash of at least 80% corn. May or may not be aged.
A cordial with a very high sugar content. Its cream-like consistency gives
it its prefix. It comes in the following combinations:
Creme de Cacao: Made from cacao and vanilla beans.
Creme de Cassis: Made from black currant.
Creme de Mint: Made from mint.
Creme de Yvette: Made from violets.
The process of seperating the components in a liquid by heating it to the
point of vaporization, then cooling so it condenses into a purified form.
Made from liquor, citrus juices and sugar. Shaken with ice and strained
into small highball glasses. Soda water is then added (the fizz). Any
carbonated beverage, even champagne, may be used. Some add egg whites or
An egg nog and fizz combination. Made with liquor, egg and sugar with
shaved ice, shaken well. Strained into short stemmed glasses for serving.
Sprinkled with nutmeg.
Several liqueurs combined and poured over shaved or crushed ice.
Distilled from grain. Juniper berries and other botanicals give it its
flavor. Most gin is colorless, however, some gins appear golden or
straw-colored because of aging in barrels. Gin is bottled at proofs
varying from 80 to 94.
Alcohol distilled from grain at 190 proof. Used in blended whiskeys for
making gin and vodka and other liquors. It is almost tasteless and
A flavoring for drinks. It is made from pomegranates or red currants.
Any liquor served with ice, soda, plain water, ginger ale or other
A hardy plant that produces conelike flowers. These flowers are used to
impart flavor to beer and ales.
A blend that contains barley malt whiskeys and grain whiskeys. The malt is
dried in coal-fired kilns. The aroma of the fires does not influence the
malt. Irish whiskey is heavier than Scotch and is usually 86 proof. It is
produced only in
Also called a shot, a jigger is a small drinking glass- shaped container
used to measure liquor.
bourbon and fresh mint leaves (muddled, crushed or whole). May also be
made with rye, brandy, gin, rum or champagne. Served with shaved ice in an
ice-frosted glass with a mint or fruit garnish and a straw.
Beer that is stored in a cask or vat until free of sediment and crystal
clear. A light, bubbly and golden brew.
A sweet alcoholic beverage made from an infusion of flavoring ingredients
and a spirit.
A distilled, alcoholic beverage made from a fermented mash of various
A beer that has a higher alcohol content from 5 - 9 % higher than regular
Specially treated fruit made from a variety of cherries. Pitted and then
macerated in flavored sugar. Popular as a garnish or ingredient in many
Grain or malt that is ground or crushed before being steeped. Used in
brewing beer and in the fermentation of whiskey.
Beverage made by fermenting honey, water and yeast with flavorings such as
herbs, spices or flowers.
To muddle is to combine ingredients, usually in the bottom of a mixing glass, by pressing them with a muddler before adding the majority of the liquid ingredients. A muddler is a long pestle shaped often shaped like a baseball bat that is commonly made of wood, but modern designs can be found in stainless steel or plastic with teeth on the bottom. One end of this essential bar tool is large and rounded and is used to mash the ingredients. While the other end is skinnier and flat and is used to mix ingredients.
A term referring to liquor that is drunk undiluted by ice, water or
A beverage served over ice without adding water or other mixers.
A heavy, dark-brown, strongly flavored beer. The dark color and strong
flavor comes from roasted malt. Usually higher in alcohol than regular
Any beverage, particularly those containing alcohol.
The measure of the strength of the alcohol. One (degree) proof equals
one-half of one percent of alcohol. For example, 100 proof equals 50%
Citrus juices with two or more liquors or wines. Served cold. Hot punches
use milk, eggs and cream.
Made with lime, cracked ice, soda or any carbonated beverage and whiskey,
gin, rum or brandy. Served with the rind of lime. Similar to a collins or
Made by distilling the fermented juice of sugar cane, cane syrup and
molasses. It is bottled and sold at 80 proof. Aged in uncharred barrels,
it picks up very little color. Caramel is added to create dark rums. Most
rums are a blend of several kinds.
Distilled from a grain mash of 80% corn. It is usually aged in reused,
charred oak barrels.
Made with whiskey, gin, rum or brandy, with port wine floated on top, or
with wine, ale, porter or stout, with a sprinkle of nutmeg. Actually a
tall, sweet, old fashioned (sans bitters).
Blended whiskeys from native barley grain and Scottish pot stills. All
Scotch blends contain malt whiskey. The smoky flavor comes from drying
malted barley over peat fires. Produced only in
. Exported Scotch is at least four years old and is usually 80 to 86
; Shot Glass
A small amount of alcohol. A shot glass is the drinking glass-shaped
container in which such an amount is measured or served.
Simple syrup can be made in a saucepan, gradually stir one pound
granulated sugar into 13 oz. hot water to make 16 oz. simple/sugar syrup.
Used as a mixer/sweetener for drinks.
Made like sangarees with the addition of lemon juice and a twist of lemon
peel. Served in an old fashioned glass.
A short-stemmed, pear-shpaed glass that is larger at the bottom than at
A cocktail made by combining liquor with lemon juice and a little sugar.
A strong, dark beer. More redolent of hops than beer and is made with
dark-roasted barley which gives it a deep, dark color.
Term used to describe cocktails that are served up without ice.
And Sour Mix
Sweet and Sour Mix can be made with 1 - 1 1/2 tbs. Lemon Juice and 1 tsp.
of Powdered Sugar. It is used as a mixer for drinks.
Small juleps, served in old fashioned glasses. Made with muddled sugar,
ice cubes, whiskey, gin, rum or brandy and soda. Garnished with sprigs of
mint and fruit.
Made of lemon juice, ice, sugar, with any basic liquor. Similar to highly
concentrated punch. Garnished with a lemon slice and a cherry.
A whiskey that is distilled from grain but not blended with neutral grain
spirits or any other whiskey and aged in a charred oak barrel for at least
A broad category of whiskey whereby a portion of old mash is mixed with
new to help advance the character & smoothness of the flavor.
A twig with a few forked branches on its end. It is usually inserted into
the glass. Used for stirring.
A distillate of the sap of the century plant. Sometimes called
"Cactus Whiskey". Mexican spirit distilled from the fermented
juice of the blue agave plant.
Served hot or cold. A lump or teaspoon of sugar dissolved in a little hot
water, with liquor, ice or hot water added and stirred. Served with
nutmeg, clove, cinnamon or lemon peel.
A cordial similar to
but less sweet and colorless.
Herb flavored wine fortified with Brandy.
A refined and filtered liquor distilled at 190 proof and bottled for sale
at 80 to 110 proof. Originally made in
from potatoes. It is usually distilled from corn and wheat in the
The difference between various vodkas depends on the types of grains used
and the distilling and filtering processes. Most American vodkas are
filtered through activated charcoal. Vodka is colorless, tasteless and
odorless. It is not aged.
Made from grains like corn, rye, barley, or wheat. It is distilled from a
fermented mash of the grain, then aged in oak barells. At this stage it is
a water-colored liquid. During the aging period, it gradually attains its
amber color, flavor and aroma. It is bottled and sold at 80 proof. Whiskey
of each country is distinct from that of the others because of the local
grain characteristics, distillation techniques and formulas.
are major producers.
Made from the fermented juice of grapes. If another fruit is used it
appears on the label. Under 14 to 20% alcohol.